Bringing cultural diversity into the classroom is becoming increasingly important. Our young learner and teen students are exposed to different ideas, traditions and voices from all over the world. This is thanks to social media platforms like YouTube, SnapChat and Instagram – among others.
This is a hugely positive advance because greater cultural understanding increases opportunities for studying and working abroad. However, with so many contradictions online, the world can also seem like a confusing place. It’s our job as teachers to show students how to navigate and cope with the information they find.
By talking about cultural similarities and differences – and rejecting stereotypes – we help our students understand that the world is an extremely diverse and exciting place. In turn, this will encourage them to be more understanding and tolerant of others in the classroom, helping them to thrive in the future, if they enter an international working environment.
World maps are excellent classroom resources. You can use an online version projected on the Whiteboard, a poster-sized one from a school supplier, or one that you build on a bulletin board with A4 printed sheets.
Having the world literally at your fingertips suddenly makes a very large planet seem much more inviting and interesting. It’s not just the places themselves but the distances, geography and diversity that can be displayed on a world map bringing new information and connections to the learners’ attention.
Build on your map throughout the year. Encourage students to add information to the map to increase their knowledge of the world as you cover different themes. Add in cultural details relevant to where you teach, as well as new places students are learning about in class.
If you create a yearbook, add in a snap of the final map to show students the world that they have discovered over the past year.
2. Build a background
Build on a theme or topic covered in your coursebook by including photographs and/or commentary from students of a similar age from around the world. You can find authentic materials online using resources like Teacher Tube (a school-friendly video platform), or search for images or articles online. Themes you could cover include; musical instruments, animals, festivals, places of interest, and sports.
Then encourage students to share their own traditions or thoughts on how their experiences relate to those you have introduced. It’s also a good idea to bring in items related to the theme that they recognize and talk through why they are important in their culture.
For example, if your theme is related to music, find a video or a set of images of children around the world playing (or talking about) traditional instruments. Bring in an instrument or two that your students would easily recognize. Ask them to share how the instruments are played and their cultural significance. They can then add their ideas to the map in the form of stories, photos or drawings.
3. Highlight similarities
Sometimes when we mention culture the outcome can be to highlight differences, but we can highlight similarities, too. Students can often be interested and even amazed at how similar lives across the world can be. Below are some of the Big Questions from Cornerstone (Level 1 and 2).
- Who are the people who help in your community? Possible answers could include nurses/doctors, the police or fire service, teachers, bus drivers, etc. Compare images of these occupations from around the world and have students identify/discuss why they are similar.
- What is your favorite way to celebrate? Look at what items (food, clothing, gifts) mark celebrations in different cultures – why are some things, like New Year celebrations and birthdays, universal?
- What makes a good friend? Ask students if distance changes these characteristics.
Use string to link the countries to an image or word-list of similarities and add to this, as topics increase.
Note that while it’s also important to show there are differences, you should be wary of stereotypes. If you are using a coursebook, take a look and see how many stereotypes are included – you might be surprised. Are the Inuit only shown living in igloos? Does everyone in Mexico have a sombrero? Is the most pasta eaten per person in Italy? (no, it’s the USA).
Does the stereotype give the learner a better understanding of a country or culture? How can we present a balanced view?
4. Share a Story
Most cultures are rich in storytelling tradition. This means asking students to share a story should be stress-free. Nevertheless, they may well need help with the English words, so how do we prepare children to share their story?
This can be a good opportunity to build a home/school link. Help students to think about a story they want to share:
- What words do they need to tell that story?
- Can they act out parts of the story?
- Could a picture, a clip of video, a piece of music help tell the story?
Give the students time to prepare so they can bring in photos, realia etc. from home. In some situations, it might be an opportunity to invite in parents/grandparents to help with the story.
If you have tablet computers in your class let a small group of students take it in turns to record the stories. Have other groups create a poster for each story to add to the world map.
5. Use culturally diverse reading materials
Providing diverse reading materials is an excellent way to introduce your students to cultures, ideas and traditions from all over the world. So perhaps it’s time to review your class library. If you can’t find authors from every continent, it might be time to update it.
While printed books are a nice resource to have, you are restricted by your shelf space. Digital readers, on the other hand, can help you solve that problem. With so many great titles available, there’s no need to limit what you have available for your students to read.
Focus on one area of the world at a time and read adapted versions of books by authors from this region. Then ask students if they have a similar story in their culture.
Looking for other diverse stories to use in class? Check out our extensive range of Pearson English Graded Readers.
Using New Cornerstone and New Keystone
New Cornerstone (for primary aged children) and New Keystone (for lower secondary) use examples from across the globe. This includes images, stories and student commentaries. From familiar topics to science, social science and geographical themes, your students will find interesting facts that bring countries and cultures to life.
Some of the topics included in New Cornerstone and New Keystone include the world; animals and plants; festivals and celebrations; communities; homes and towns.
Download a sample of New Cornerstone now and see how you can make your classroom more diverse.
You can also join our Cornerstone and Keystone Teacher group on Facebook where we share ideas and resources with our teaching community from all over the world.